Nepenthes sp. DI SUMATERA
According to Educate, results of the assessment of plant experts at the meeting was initiated by LIPI earlier this week, set the 191 plant species from four families a priority for conservation this year. "Of the 191 100 species to be squeezed," said Head of the Botanical Gardens Plant Conservation Center Cibodas it.
Up to now there are 103 species recorded semar bags that have been published (Firstantinovi and Karjono, 2006). These plants are classified as carnivorous plants because of insect prey. His ability was caused by a bag-shaped organs that protrude from the tip of the leaf. The organ is called a pitcher or a bag. Unique ability and asalnyayang from tropical countries that made the bag semar as an exotic ornamental plant choice in Japan, Europe, America and Australia. Unfortunately, in his own country it's not much to know and use it (Witarto, 2006).
In addition to its ability to trap insects, another uniqueness of this plant is the shape, size, color and style pockets. Overall, this plant has five pockets form, namely the form of jars, round egg / oval, cylinder, funnel, and waist.
The diversity of species on other islands semar bag has not been clearly established. However, based on the search results Bogoriense herbarium specimens in the Herbarium, Bogor, found that at least ten species of Sulawesi, Papua nine species, four species Moluccas, and Java are two types (Mansur, 2006).
Nepenthes live in open places or somewhat shielded in nutrient-poor habitats and have a fairly high humidity. These plants can live in lowland tropical rain forest, montane forests, peat forests, heath forests, limestone mountains, and savannas. Berdasarkanketinggian where it grew, semar bag divided into three groups: the lowlands semar bags, medium, and high plains.
Nepenthes are not as popular as other ornamental plants such as orchids, and aglaonema. However, the current popularity as an ornamental plant semar bag unique increased along with public interest in ornamental plants for menangkarkannya lovers. Nepenthaceae family name of this plant are well known to the world. Even in countries such as Australia, Europe, America, Japan, Malaysia, Thailand, and Sri Lanka cultivation of this plant has developed into an industrial scale. Ironically, these insect-eating tanamanan most species come from Indonesia.